About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

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The Philippines is a place in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one of the premier populations in the entire world. The place is an archipelago of a substantial team of islands surrounded by crystal distinct water and stunning and distinctive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the premier is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and just about fifty p.c of the islands in the place have names, and only 350 islands are even larger than two and a 50 percent kilometres square. The tallest mountain array can be discovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the best of the mountain reaches about 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be discovered on the second premier island in the place Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like several other mountains in the place Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the web page of the funds of Manila the premier and most vital Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches all-around Manila bay for hundreds of many years Manila bay has been the country’s heart of delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center aspect of the Philippine islands. The premier islands in the Visayas consist of Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the place and the second premier island in the Philippines the island actions 94,seven hundred square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands ended up formed by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is mainly underneath water. The inside of most of the islands have several rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the repeated rain slide there are several rivers streams and waterfalls that regularly surge down the mountain sides. Since of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain slide the Philippines is endowed with breathtaking sceneries in the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls superb caves and rock formations. Regretably a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 about ninety p.c of the Philippine islands ended up covered in rain forest. To date the place has lost close to one-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been utilized and lower down for its timber and to distinct land for farms and homes.

The shoreline

With about 7000 islands the place has a coastline line more than 36,300 kilometres in duration. The seashores and shoreline differs throughout the place are quite sandy in places such as Boracay which is famed for its stunning picturesque tropical white sand seashores. With tropical vegetation and palm trees expanding on these superb seashores. On some island coastline strains are quite rocky in location and in some places you will obtain gray white sand seashores and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh new water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and individual working day-to-working day dwelling demands such as drinking and washing. Pasig River is one of the premier rivers in the place and flows by means of the funds of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by means of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Since the place is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace usually means the Philippines have a large amount of lively Volcanoes. One particular of the most famed volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for several hundreds of many years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted more than one thousand people killed or wounded and left countless numbers of people homeless. The explosion made a massive ash cloud that covered more than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also regarded as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 instances in the earlier four hundred many years. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the calendar year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a flawlessly formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Very last big eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and covered an additional two with volcanic ash and hot larva about 1600 people died thanks to this eruption.

The Philippine People

For countless numbers of many years several different types people and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the outcome is a place and people with a distinctive blend of several cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age people settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the place was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the very first European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men ended up killed during the struggle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain set up a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Loved ones faith and education and learning are quite vital in Filipino society.

Temperature dwelling in the metropolis or the place or on an isolated island household, faith and education and learning are quite extremely valued by nearly every single one Filipinos have several positive values such as regard for authority and a large regard for the dignity of all the people.


Most Filipinos keep robust spiritual beliefs they routinely acquire aspect in spiritual ceremonies rejoice holy days with substantial festivals. The Spanish exactly where quite thriving in converting the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the inhabitants, five % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the premier no Christian team in the place. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits regarded as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. A lot of Filipinos consider in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an vital aspect in the day-to-day existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine people worship Christ mother Mary and other holy people termed saints several Filipinos adorn their homes trics jeepneys boats educational institutions of illustrations or photos of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines these days there are various million Filipinos that abide by the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos follow Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the biggest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino household

The Filipino household the essential units of the Philippine social business which consists of the father the mother and youngsters the bilateral prolonged household which incorporates all relations of the Father and Mom. Of distinctive value the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their household as a supply of strength and security. It is not unusual for single daughters and sons to are living at home with their mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The household are quite close and if an individual requires assist some others chip in and do what they can to assist the household member in need. The father-spouse is the head of the household and is generally unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and youngsters. The father role and duty is to meet the money requires of the household. The Filipino father is the primary supply of self-control in the household and often works by using corporal punishment on each sons and daughters even though corporal punishment utilized on youngsters in the Philippines is now little by little obtaining utilized much less and much less thanks to the Philippine modern society educating and imposing new values on elevating youngsters. The youngsters a large amount of Filipino mothers pamper their youngsters these has the outcome of prolonging the childhood of the youngsters they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and expectations are retained down below the kid’s opportunity this treatment and affection lavished on the youngsters results in a sensation of belonging and security. As a outcome the youngsters will generally lead to parent’s money support and psychological support and security. The regular Filipino spouse and mother acquire treatment of all the information to guarantee the household functions as a dwelling and loving organised household device. The mother is in charge of the home and all the information pertaining to the youngsters such as cooking the household meal looking at the youngsters are clothed and ready for school the shelling out of wage to the maids (ya -ya) and all other family charges. Unusual as it could appear to be females share equal location with guy in Philippine modern society woman participation in qualified work and politics is completely accepted this equality can be traced back to historic Malayan custom.


Instruction Filipino youngsters go to 6 many years of elementary school and 4 many years of large school. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys primary official languages. Much more than ninety% of all elementary go to government educational institutions. From June until March Filipino youngsters devote their days at school courses start out all-around 8 in the early morning in the metropolitan areas like Manila and often all-around seven am in the rural regions before courses start out the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite large literacy charge which most people in the place can go through and compose regretably thanks to the large unemployment charge and the minimum wage paid to reduce class workers such as farmers and labours some youngsters have to fall out of school to work and assist to support their people and some youngsters go to educational institutions that do not have ample school materials and gear such as textbooks desks and chairs and computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different big dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education and learning of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was launched so different people dwelling in different parts of the Philippines could have an understanding of one an additional. The American declared English the place official language during the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government made the decision to substitute English with a language termed Filipino also regarded as Tagalog the most commonly spoken Philippine language in particular all over some of the big metropolitan areas. Nowadays Filipino and English are the place official languages. In different parts of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk anyplace up to 4 languages and some instances more in particular the people who have traveled and lived in different parts of the place. For case in point theses Filipinos can talk the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a youngster they also can talk English and Tagalog and often an additional language that is native to exactly where they are living as an grownup or learnt as a youngster. For case in point English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a single Filipino can talk.

The people regular dwelling

50 percent of the Philippine inhabitants are living in the place close to mountains forest on little islands or on the plains there are several types of regular homes Bahay kubo is a regular rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and flooring are built from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained down to timber or bamboo to kind the roof. Other people in the place aspect are living in picket home and other affordable timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The more rich place Filipino are living in a much larger fancy modern day home and houses are built from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Little Island and place regions the home has one primary room with a handful of items of household furniture and mats on the ground exactly where the household sleeps.The kitchen area is generally in an additional room with a wood burning stove and often a little gasoline stove based on how isolated the household is from the closest city. In the much larger place towns several of the native houses have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are unusual in little villages even though now more and more Little Islands and villages are acquiring electrical energy but there is nevertheless a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine people that are living in an region that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing assemble water from a local community very well and melt away kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The very first people who migrated to the Philippine islands utilized barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the greatest usually means of transportation of good and items from island to an additional people also depend on these ships as ferries simply because the expense of a plane ticket are quite high-priced for the low profits people. Banca a slender picket boat with an out boat motor connected to the back. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from each sides of the boats that perform like platoons avoiding the boat from tipping about or capsizing. Early Filipinos utilized these little boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The much larger banca boats are mostly utilized as people ferries and substantial professional fishing boats.The scaled-down banca boats are utilized for scaled-down journeys in calmer water. A regular kind of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a aspect cart this kind of transportation are nevertheless well-known in some place towns and provinces in particular on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a little bus built from jeeps left powering by the US military. The jeeps exactly where remodeled in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney scaled-down brother the stainless metal jeep was built and manufactured for sensible explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the setting was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and manufactured the very first jeep the jeep demands much less maintenance simply because it is hard and does not rust. The jeep is an excellent Philippine motor vehicle simply because they are adapted to the distinctive Philippine local weather in particular from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable climate.

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